The XFree86 3.3.6 binaries are distributed as a full release.
NOTE: the X servers are no longer installed setuid root. If you are starting your X servers with startx/xinit, or something similar, you will need a copy of the setuid Xwrapper, and an updated xinit. These can be found in Xbin.tgz.
What follows is a list of the XFree86 3.3.6 components. There may be some variations in this for some OSs.
The following are required for all new installations, or when upgrading from a version older than 3.3:
preinst.sh Pre-installation script postinst.sh Post-installation script extract XFree86 extraction utility Xbin.tgz Clients, run-time libs, and app-defaults files Xdoc.tgz Documentation Xfnts.tgz 75dpi, misc and PEX fonts Xlib.tgz Data files required at run-time Xman.tgz Manual pages Xset.tgz XF86Setup utility Xjset.tgz XF86Setup utility (if you prefer the Japanese version) XVG16.tgz 16 colour VGA server (XF86Setup needs this server) Xcfg.tgz sample config files for xinit, xdm
The following are required when upgrading from version 3.3 or later:
preinst.sh Pre-installation script postinst.sh Post-installation script extract XFree86 extraction utility Xbin.tgz Clients, run-time libs, and app-defaults files Xdoc.tgz Documentation Xlib.tgz Data files required at run-time Xman.tgz Manual pages Xset.tgz XF86Setup utility Xjset.tgz XF86Setup utility (if you prefer the Japanese version) XVG16.tgz 16 colour VGA server (XF86Setup needs this server)
While it isn't essential to update the standard fonts, this version does include some minor fixes to some of them, as well as the addition of two basic ISO 8859-15 fonts. If you want to upgrade the standard fonts you will also need:
Xfnts.tgz 75dpi, misc and PEX fonts
NOTE: Be very careful about installing Xcfg.tgz over an existing installation if you have customised your xinit and/or xdm config files. Installing Xcfg.tgz will overwrite any existing files. If you do have customised files, there is no need to install Xcfg.tgz.
NOTE: The bitmap fonts distributed with this release are compressed using gzip rather than compress. This means that you will probably want to remove the old versions (after backing them up). The Xservers and font server in releases prior to 3.2A cannot read gzipped fonts, so keep a copy of the old fonts if you wish to run older servers.
The following X servers are for PC/AT based hardware (i.e., typical Intel ix86 based PCs). Choose at least one which matches your hardware, as well as the VGA16 server. The VGA16 server is required by the new configuration utility (XF86Setup). A list showing which X server is required for a range of video cards can be found at http://www.xfree86.org/cardlist.html.
The following X servers are available for Alpha hardware:X3DL.tgz 3Dlabs server X8514.tgz 8514/A server XAGX.tgz AGX server XI128.tgz I128 server XMa32.tgz Mach 32 server XMa64.tgz Mach 64 server XMa8.tgz Mach 8 server XMono.tgz Mono server XP9K.tgz P9000 server XS3.tgz S3 server XS3V.tgz old S3 ViRGE server (please use SVGA server) XSVGA.tgz SVGA server XVG16.tgz 16 colour VGA server (XF86Setup needs this server) XW32.tgz ET4000/W32, ET6000 server
The following X servers are for PC98 hardware. Note that PC98 is a Japanese computer standard and has nothing to do with Win98, or the Intel and Microsoft PC98 specification. If you have a PC98 machine, choose one which suits your hardware. If you don't know what a PC98 machine is, you don't need any of these. These servers will not run on "normal" PCs, so don't even try them if you don't have a Japanese PC98 machine. A list showing which X server is required for a range of PC98 video cards and computers can be found at http://www.xfree86.org/cardlist98.html.XMa64.tgz Mach 64 server XMono.tgz Mono server (generic driver only) XP9K.tgz P9000 server XTGA.tgz DEC 21030 (TGA) server XS3.tgz S3 server XS3V.tgz old S3 ViRGE server (please use SVGA server) XSVGA.tgz SVGA server (Matrox Millennium and S3 ViRGE drivers only)
The following are optional.X9NS3.tgz PC98 NEC(S3) server X9SPW.tgz PC98 PCSKB-PowerWindow(S3) server X9LPW.tgz PC98 PowerWindowLB(S3) server X9EGC.tgz PC98 EGC(generic) server X9GA9.tgz PC98 GA-968V4/PCI(S3 968) server X9GAN.tgz PC98 GANB-WAP(cirrus) server X9480.tgz PC98 PEGC-480(generic) server X9NKV.tgz PC98 NKV-NEC(cirrus) server X9WS.tgz PC98 WABS(cirrus) server X9WEP.tgz PC98 WAB-EP(cirrus) server X9WSN.tgz PC98 WSN-A2F(cirrus) server X9TGU.tgz PC98 TGUI server X9MGA.tgz PC98 MGA server X9SVG.tgz PC98 CLGD755x server X9set.tgz PC98 XF98Setup utility
Xf100.tgz 100dpi fonts Xfcyr.tgz Cyrillic fonts Xfnon.tgz Other fonts (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Hebrew) Xfscl.tgz Scalable fonts (Speedo and Type1) Xfsrv.tgz Font server and config files Xprog.tgz X header files, config files and compile-time libs Xnest.tgz Nested X server Xvfb.tgz Virtual framebuffer X server Xprt.tgz X Print server Xps.tgz PostScript version of the documentation Xhtml.tgz HTML version of the documentation Xjdoc.tgz Documentation in Japanese Xjhtm.tgz HTML version of the documentation in Japanese Xlkit.tgz X server LinkKit Xlk98.tgz X server LinkKit for PC98 servers
If you already have a version of XFree86 installed, MAKE A BACKUP OF
/usr/X11R6 BEFORE DOING ANYTHING ELSE. The standard
installation procedure will overwrite your existing version of XFree86.
If you are installing from scratch, create a directory called
/usr/X11R6, then extract the required
If you don't have enough space in
/usr for this, create a
directory elsewhere and create a symbolic link to it.
E.g., if you create a directory in
mkdir /home/X11R6 ln -s /home/X11R6 /usr
The next step is to run the pre-installation script. This script makes some preliminary checks of your system. For some OSs, it may tell you to install new versions of some system components before proceeding with the installation. This script may also remove some outdated files and symbolic links from a previous installation that could cause problems.
For the purposes of these installation instructions, it is assumed that
you have downloaded all the files to the
If you've put them in another directory, that's fine -- just replace
all occurrences of ``
/var/tmp'' with the name of that directory.
To run the pre-installation script, go to
/usr/X11R6 and run it:
cd /usr/X11R6 sh /var/tmp/preinst.sh
The next step is to make the installation utility executable. To do this, make sure the `extract' file is in the same directory as all the X*.tgz files, and run the following from that directory:
chmod 755 extract
The installation utility ``extract'' is used to unpack the .tgz files that make up the XFree86 distribution. The .tgz files are gzipped tar files. However, ``tar'' in its standard form on most OSs is not well-suited to the task of installing XFree86. The extract utility is a modified version of GNU tar 1.12 built with the options required to make it suitable for installing XFree86. The source for extract is available from the same place you got the XFree86 distribution.
It is strongly recommended that you use the provided extract utility to unpack the XFree86 distribution. If you choose to ignore this and use something else, we don't want to hear from you if you run into problems. It is also important that you do not rename the extract utility. If renamed, it behaves just like the normal GNU tar.
To extract the XFree86 binaries, run the following as root:
cd /usr/X11R6 /var/tmp/extract /var/tmp/X*.tgz
Once the required
.tgz files have been extracted, run the post
cd /usr/X11R6 sh /var/tmp/postinst.sh
For OSs which use ldconfig, you may need to run ldconfig or reboot to complete the installation. The postinst.sh script should run ldconfig correctly for you if you are using Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD or OpenBSD. For other OSs that use ldconfig, check how it normally gets run at boot time.
Once the installation is complete, you should run the one of the
configuration utilities (
configure the X server. This is essential for a new installation but
optional for an existing installation. Refer to the
QuickStart document for configuration
$XFree86: xc/programs/Xserver/hw/xfree86/doc/sgml/RELNOTE.sgml,v 126.96.36.199 1999/12/31 14:10:41 robin Exp $